North America is the home two of the world’s largest mining countries, the USA and Canada. The USA dominates with the value of raw mineral production valued at US$ 125 billion in 1998. A third of the USA’s production is sourced from non-crude petroleum and gas minerals. Canadian mining (excluding crude petroleum and gas) accounted for 3.7% of Canada’s GDP. Mexico’s mining sector had a tough year in 1999 with the industry knocked by the metals’ price slump and the Asian economic crises.
Of major significance was the opening of North America’s first diamond mine, the Ekati Mine in North Western Territories in Canada. The mine, at full production will produce 3million carats/year, approx. 10% of world production. Final feasibility studies for another diamond producer in Canada are nearly complete and awaiting the necessary environmental permissions.
Greenland has recently seen increased exploration activities, in particular diamond exploration. However, there are no major producing mines.
Cassidy Gold Corp., GeneralPetroMineralOperationsCompany, Mexivada Mining Corp., North Atlantic Resources Ltd., PMI Gold Corporation, Advanced Exploration Inc., Afri-Can Marine Minerals Corporation, Africo Resources Limited, Africo Resources Ltd, Alabama Coal Association, Alamos Gold Inc., Alaska Miners Association, Aldershot Resources Ltd, Aleris International, Inc., Altai Resources Inc., Altius Resources Inc, Alto Ventures Ltd, Amera Resources Corporation, Amerada Hess, American Pacific Honduras S.A. de C.V.
777, Abitibi, Alpart Alumina Refinery, Antelope, Aqqaluk, Aurora, Aviat, Avino, Bagdad, Bailey, Bald Mountain, Barneys Canyon, Beaufor, Beaver Brook, Bell Allard, Bernic Lake, Betze – Poste, Bingham Canyon, Bissett, Black Thunder