The organisation responsible for electricity generation, transmission and distribution in most of Equatorial Guinea is Empresa Nacional de Energia Electrica de la Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial (ENERGA). The mixed company, Segesa, is also active in Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea’s generating capacity is made up of thermal and hydroelectric generation.

Hydro stations on the East Coast of Bioko and near Bata supply the country with electricity and plans have been made to install thermal generators on the mainland. More hydro development is likely and natural gas reserves have been identified.

Approximately 21 million kilowatt hours of electricity were generated in 1998, which was insufficient to meet local demand. The country has an installed capacity of 5 MW, the majority (4 MW) of which comes from oil-fired thermal plants. The remainder of the capacity comes from hydroelectric facilities, which are badly affected by lack of water during dry years. For this reason, the Ministry of Energy and Mines purchased three generators to combat difficulties experienced at the Bikomo hydroelectric plant.

The Riabo Dam, Bioko’s primary supplier of power, has been in operation since 1989.

Construction of a turbo plant outside Malabo has improved Equatorial Guinea’s power situation. The project was funded by the Government to an amount of 9 billion CFA and was managed by US-based CMS-Nameco. The plant’s current capacity of 10.4 MW is thanks to a supply of natural gas from Punta Europa, and has the potential to double if further developments are required.

Another gas-fired power plant is under construction at the AMPCO complex on Bioko. The 4 – 6 MW project has the potential to increase Equatorial Guinea’s generating capacity significantly. The project is being run on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) system. Gas from the Alba field and future gas finds offshore of Bioko will power the plant.

Eskom Enterprises’ vision is to be the leading energy and related services business in emerging markets. Through our subsidiaries, we are engaged in a quest to develop and unleash Africa’s energy potential. Our track record so far is impressive: we assisted in the construction of more than 26 000 km of transmission line that spans virtually the entire Southern African region; some of the biggest and most advanced power generation plants in Africa have been built by us; through refurbishment, we have given Africa’s power industry a new lease of life; we supply energy management skills to a number of African governments.

The Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa is a self-financing, national development finance institution focusing on contributing to economic growth, industrial development and economic empowerment through its financing activities.

Shaun Bakamoso

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